Morus alba (white mulberry tree) is a short-lived, fast-growing, small to medium-sized tree that grows to about 40-60 feet tall. Morus alba is native to northern China, but is cultivated across the U.S. and a good portion of Canada. White mulberry tree leaves are typically deciduous in winter, but trees grown in tropical regions can be evergreen. While the leaves and bark of white mulberry have been used for a variety of purposes – for livestock feed, for silk production, and for medicinal purposes (especially in Asia) – perhaps the most remarkable fact about this tree is the speed at which its catkins release pollen – approximately 350 miles per hour (over half the speed of sound).
- Average Height: 40-60 feet tall
- Average Width: Canopy spread up to 40 feet wide.
- Leaf Description: White mulberry tree leaves may be up to a foot long and deeply and lobed on young trees or vidorous shoots. The leaves on the majority of the tree are 2-6 inches long, unlobed and serrated on the margins
- Bark Description: Morus alba bark is light tannish brown and finely furrowed.
- Twig Description: Stems on the white mulberry tree are yellowish brown .
- Flowering: The flowers are single-sex catkins, with catkins of both sexes being present on each tree; male catkins are about 1-inch long, and female catkins are about half that size.
- Needle or Broadleaf: Broadleafed