The tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) is one of the largest and most valuable hardwoods of eastern North America. Grown in full sun, these trees tend to grow shorter, rounder and more slowly, making them great for landscape planting. Flowers are quite showy and unusual for a tree, but show their relation to magnolias. The tulip tree is the state tree of Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee. They prefer deep, rich, and moist soils.
- Alternate Common Name: Yellow poplar; tulip poplar tree
- Average Height: The tulip tree can grow to a height of 165 ft. Normally mature tulip poplar trees are in the 70ft. to 90ft. tall range.
- Average Width: The average spread of the tulip tree canopy is 40-50 feet.
- Leaf Description: Alternate, bright green, tulip-shaped leaves, 5in. to 8in. long and wide.
- Bark Description: Tulip tree bark is dark gray with stripes of lighter gray in the furrows.
- Twig Description: Tulip poplar twigs have smooth stems without hairs and buds that are green and "mitten-shaped."
- Flowering: Flowers are pale green or yellow or white, with an orange band.
- Needle or Broadleaf: Broadleafed
- Comments: Tulip tree flowers produce large quantities of nectar, which attracts bees and other nectar feeders.