Persea palustris (swamp bay) is native to eastern North America, from Texas to Florida and as far north as Delaware. It was previously considered a subspecies of Persea borbonia (redbay).
- Alternate Common Name: Swamp bay
- Average Height: Persea palustris average about 30 feet tall.
- Leaf Description: Alternate, simple, entire margins, lance-shaped, evergreen, 3 to 7 inches long, 1 to 2 inches wide, spicy odor when crushed, dark green above, pale pubescent below, with rusty hairs along the midrib.
- Bark Description: Persea palustris bark is reddish-brown, with irregular furrows that have flat-topped ridges, and is quite thick.
- Twig Description: Swamp bay twigs are moderately stout, densely covered with brownish hairs, angled or ridged. Buds are short and covered in rusty colored hairs.
- Flowering: Swamp bay has small, light yellow-green flowers that occur in small clusters in leaf axils.
- Needle or Broadleaf: Broadleafed