Swampbay (Persea palustris )

  • Broadleafed
  • Deciduous

Persea palustris (swamp bay) is native to eastern North America, from Texas to Florida and as far north as Delaware. It was previously considered a subspecies of Persea borbonia (redbay).

  • Alternate Common Name: Swamp bay
  • Average Height: Persea palustris average about 30 feet tall.
  • Leaf Description: Alternate, simple, entire margins, lance-shaped, evergreen, 3 to 7 inches long, 1 to 2 inches wide, spicy odor when crushed, dark green above, pale pubescent below, with rusty hairs along the midrib.
  • Bark Description: Persea palustris bark is reddish-brown, with irregular furrows that have flat-topped ridges, and is quite thick.
  • Twig Description: Swamp bay twigs are moderately stout, densely covered with brownish hairs, angled or ridged. Buds are short and covered in rusty colored hairs.
  • Flowering: Swamp bay has small, light yellow-green flowers that occur in small clusters in leaf axils.
  • Needle or Broadleaf: Broadleafed

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