There are more than 100 cultivars listed of Southern magnolia tree (magnolia grandiflora), which is native to the southeastern United States, from Virginia to central Florida and west to Texas. Southern magnolias produce beautiful and fragrant white flowers, and their wood is used in furniture and wood veneers.
- Alternate Common Name: Evergreen magnolia
- Average Height: The Southern magnolia tree (magnolia grandiflora) is a medium sized tree that grows up to 80 feet tall with a pyramidal crown.
- Average Width: The canopy spread of the Southern magnolia is as wide as the tree is tall, 20-40 ft.
- Leaf Description: Magnolia grandiflora has alternate, simple, elliptical leaves 5 to 8 in long. The leaves are very thick, plastic-like and waxy/shiny dark green above with paler rusty fuzz underneath.
- Bark Description: Brown to gray. Lenticels are abundant on smooth young wood, but bark gets hairy, platy and scaly as the tree matures.
- Twig Description: Stout twigs with white to rusty matted hairs on the twigs and a terminal bud that is 1 to 1 1/2 inches long.
- Flowering: Southern magnolia (magnolia grandiflora) flowers are very showy and fragrant, 6 to 8 inches wide with large white petals. Flowers occur singly in late spring and occasionally in smaller numbers in the fall.
- Needle or Broadleaf: Broadleafed
- Comments: There are more than 100 cultivars listed of Southern magnolia tree (magnolia grandiflora), which is native to the southeastern United States.