Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

  • Needlebearing
  • Evergreen

Scots pine, or Scotch pine, (pinus sylbestris), is a world native, from Europe and Asia, including Scotland, Ireland and Portugal, east to Siberia, south to the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as the Arctic Circle in Scandinavia. Scots pine was one of the first evergreen trees introduced to the United States and has been widely popular in the United States for use as Christmas trees, especially from the 1950s through the 1980s.

  • Alternate Common Name: Scotch pine
  • Average Height: Scots or Scotch pine, as it is often called, is a medium sized tree reaching up to 90 feet tall, often with a twisted or poorly formed trunk (depending on origin of seed). Young crowns are rounded; older crowns become round-topped.
  • Average Width: No data
  • Leaf Description: Scots pine has evergreen needles, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, with two stout, twisted needles per fascicle; blue-green in color with distinct stomatal bands.
  • Bark Description: Scots pine bark is orange to orange-brown and scaly or peeling when young; later developing irregular gray or red-brown ridges and furrows. Upper crowns of Scotch pine always show orange peeling bark.
  • Twig Description: The twigs of Scotch pine are moderately stout; green when young, changing to yellow-brown to olive-brown with large orangish, narrowly ovoid buds.
  • Flowering: Monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, in large clusters along twigs; females oval, yellow-green to purple.
  • Needle or Broadleaf: Needle bearing
  • Comments: None

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