Norway Spruce Tree (Picea abies)

  • Needlebearing
  • Evergreen

Norway spruce trees are rather tall and somewhat narrow. Norway spruce make an interesting addition to the landscape and are found primarily in the Northeastern U.S. and Eastern Canada.

  • Alternate Common Name: None
  • Average Height: Norway spruce is a medium to large tree with a conical form capable of reaching over 120 feet tall, with horizontal to upward sweeping branches that often droop branchlets.
  • Average Width: Norway spruce trees have an average spread of 25-30 feet.
  • Leaf Description: Norway spruce trees have evergreen needles that are stiff, 1/2 to 1 inch long, 4-angled, but somewhat flattened, with a sharp pointed tip. Needle color is shiny deep green. Each needle borne on a raised, woody peg (sterigma).
  • Bark Description: Norway spruce bark is red-brown and scaly, later turning gray with flaking scales or plates.
  • Twig Description: Slender to medium in size, lacking hair, shiny orangish brown; needles are borne on woody pegs; buds with very loose, orange-brown scales (resembles a rose).
  • Flowering: Monoecious; males yellow-brown in large groups; females upright, purple.
  • Needle or Broadleaf: Needle bearing

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